|Damnacanthus indicus ssp.
indicus is an ever-green, 20-60cm in height shrub occurring in
an ever-green-tree forest, with sharp thorns on the branches. The
thorn is as long as the leaf length or measuring longer, making it
easier to distinguish it from the other subspecies. The department
arranges a large and a small pair of opposite leaves alternatively
and bears two white, funnel-shaped flowers at each axil. D.
indicus ssp. indicus blossoms in April-May and matures red in