is a perennial herb inhabiting coniferous forests in the mountainous
region to the subalpine zone, its rhizomes crawling long. Stems
measure 10-25cm in height, and leaves are 3-7cm in length,
egg-heart-shaped, with 2-4cm long petioles, tips pointed, and bases
are in a deep heart shape. Stem tips bear racemose inflorescences in
which many white flowers come. Sap fruit, spherical, 5-7mm in
diameter, ripens in red. Bloom time: May-July.