|Saussurea nipponica is
a perennial herb inhabiting grassland deep in forests in mountainous
regions, stems standing 0.5-1m, with dense light brown hairs. With
long petioles, radical leaves stay alive in the flowering time, and
they are oval, 12-18cm in length, tips pointed, and the margins
serrated. Head flowers bloom in corymbs; they are light red-purple,
and involucres are spindle-shaped. Involucral bracts are prominent,
lining in 5 rows, each curving backward.