Wild plants in and around Shimane 島根とその周辺の野生植物
 
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Orchid species
 

Orchidaceae, or orchid family, reportedly stands for no less than 25,000 kinds of species spreading across the world. About 230 of them are known to inhabit Japan in 75 genera, but notable Japanese pictorial flora books list no more than 90. That implies Orchid species is sporadic in this part of the world. Red Data Book in every prefecture list most of the species as plants in need of protection.
Japanese orchids are not as gorgeous as those in the tropical zone, but they attract people as well because of their pure color and the mysterious flower-structures. Below are what I saw in Shimane and its environs so far, Shimane RDB listing most of them.
 
       
Amitostigma gracilis / Hinaran
- lithophytic-
Bletilla striata  / Shiran
- terrestrial-
Bulbophyllum drymoglossum / Mamedutaran
- epiphitic-
Bulbophyllum inconspicuum / Mugiran
- epiphitic-
Calanthe discolor / Ebine
- terrestrial-
Calanthe nipponica / Kinseiran
- terrestrial-
Calanthe reflexa / Natsuebine
- terrestrial-
Calanthe sieboldii / Kiebine
- terrestrial-
Calanthe tricarinata / Sarumen'ebine
- terrestrial-
Cephalanthera crecta / Ginran
- terrestrial-
Cephalanthera erecta var. subaphylla l Yuushunran
- terrestrial-
Cephalanthera falcata / Kinran
- terrestrial-
Cephalanthera longibracteata / Sasabaginran
- terrestrial-
Cremastra appendiculata / Saihairan
- terrestrial-
Cremastra unguiculata / Tokenran
- terrestrial-
Cymbidium goeringii / Shunran
- terrestrial-
Cymbidium nipponicum / Mayaran
- terrestrial-
Cypripedium japonicum / Kumagaisou
- terrestrial-
Dendrobium moniliforme / Sekkoku
- epiphitic-
Epipactis thunbergii / Kakiran
- terrestrial-
Epipogium roseum / Tashiroran
- terrestrial - 
Galeola septentrionalis / Tsuchiakebi
- terrestrial-
Gastrodia elata /
Oninoyagara

- terrestrial-
Gastrodia pubiabiata / Kuroyatsushiroran
- terrestrial-
Gastrodia pubilabiata var. castanea / Bengarayatsushiroran
- terrestrial-
Gastrodia verrucosa / Akizakityatsushiroran
- terrestrial-
Goodyera macrantha / Benishusuran
- terrestrial-
Goodyera schlechtendaliana / Miyamauzura
- terrestrial-
Goodyera velutiana / Akebonoshusuran
- terrestrial-
Goodyera velutiana f. albiflora / Shirobanaakebonoshusuran 
- terrestrial-
Habenaria sagittifera / Mizutonbo
- terrestrial-
Lacanorchis japonica / Muyouran
- terrestrial-
Lecanorchis kiusiana / Usukimuyouran
- terrestrial- 
Liparis fujisanensis / Fugakusuzumushisou
- epiphitic-
Liparis krameri / Jigabachisou
- terrestrial-
Liparis kumokiri / Kumokirisou
- terrestrial-
Liparis nervosa / Kokuran
- terrestrial-
Luisia teres / Bouran
- epiphitic-
Microtis unifolia / Nirabaran
- terrestrial-
 
Neofinetia falcata / Fuuran (Furan)- epiphitic-
Oberonia japonica / Yourakuran
- epiphitic-
Olantanthera florentii / Jinbaisou Oreorchis patens / Kokeiran
- terrestrial-
Pecteilis radiata / Sagisou
- terrestrial-
Platanthera hologlottis /
Mizuchidori

- terrestrial-
Platanthera mandarinorum / Hashinagayamasagisou
- terrestrial-
Platanthera mandarinorum var. brachycentron  / Yamasagisou
- terrestrial-
Platanthera mandarinorum var. neglecta / Maisagisou
- terrestrial-
Platanthera minor / Oobanotonbosou
- terrestrial- 
Platanthera nipponica / Kobanotonbosou
- terrestrial-
Platanthera sachalinensis / Ooyamasagisou
- terrestrial-
Pogonia japonica / Tokisou
- terrestrial-
Pogonia minor / Yamatokisou
- terrestrial-
Sarcochilus japonicus / Kayaran
- epiphitic-
Sedirea japonicum / Nagoran
- epiphitic-
Spiranthes sinensis var. amoena / Nejibana
- terrestrial-
Spiranthes sinensis var. amoena f. albescens / Shirobanamojizuri
- terrestrial-
Taeniophyllum glandulosum / Kumoran
- epiphitic-
Tipularia japonica / Hitotsubokuro
- terrestrial-
Tulotis ussuriensis / Tonbosou - terrestrial-
       
       
       

 

 

 

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