Wild plants in and around Shimane “‡Š‚Æ‚ŧ‚ĖŽü•Ó‚Ė–ėķA•Ļ
 

Orchids

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Orchid Species

Orchidaceae, or orchid family, reportedly stands for no less than 25,000 kind of species spreading around the world. About 230 of them are known inhabiting Japan in 75 genera, but what are featured in major Japanese pictorial flora books are no more than only 90. It means that they are very rare. In fact, most of them are listed in Red Data List as plants in need of protection.
Japanese orchids are not as gorgeous as those in tropical zone, but they attract people as well because of their their refined color and the mysterious flower-structure. Below are what I saw in Shimane and its environs so far. 

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Amitostigma gracilis / Hinaran
- epiphitic-

Bletilla striata  / Shiran
- terrestrial-

Bulbophyllum inconspicuum /Mugiran
- epiphitic-
Calanthe discolor / Ebine
- terrestrial-
Calanthe sieboldii / Kiebine
- terrestrial-
Calanthe tricarinata / Sarumen'ebine
- terrestrial-
Calanthe nipponica / Kinseiran
- terrestrial-
Calanthe reflexa / Natsuebine
- terrestrial-
Cephalanthera crecta / Ginran
- terrestrial-
Cephalanthera falcata / Kinran
- terrestrial-
Cephalanthera longibracteata / Sasabaginran
- terrestrial-
Cephalanthera erecta var. subaphylla l Yuushunran
- terrestrial-
Cremastra appendiculata / Saihairan
- terrestrial-
Cymbidium goeringii / Shunran
- terrestrial-
Cymbidium nipponicum / Mayaran
- terrestrial-
Cypripedium japonicum / Kumagaisou
- terrestrial-
Dendrobium moniliforme / Sekkoku
- epiphitic-
Epipactis thunbergii / Kakiran
- terrestrial-
Galeola septentrionalis / Tsuchiakebi
- terrestrial-
Gastrodia elata /
Oninoyagara

- terrestrial-
Goodyera macrantha / Benishusuran
- terrestrial-
Goodyera schlechtendaliana / Miyamauzura
- terrestrial-
Goodyera velutiana / Akebonoshusuran
- terrestrial-
Goodyera velutiana f. albiflora / Shirobanaakebonoshusuran 
- terrestrial-
Habenaria radiata / Sagisou
- terrestrial-
Habenaria sagittifera / Mizutonbo
- terrestrial-
Lacanorchis japonica / Muyouran
- terrestrial-
Liparis fujisanensis / Fugakusuzumushisou
- epiphitic-
Liparis krameri / Jigabachisou
- terrestrial-
Liparis kumokiri / Kumokirisou
- terrestrial-
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Liparis nervosa / Kokuran
- terrestrial-
Microtis unifolia / Nirabaran
- terrestrial-
- epiphitic-
Neofinetia falcata / Fuuran (Furan) Oberonia japonica / Yourakuran
- epiphitic-
Oreorchis patens / Kokeiran
- terrestrial-
Platanthera hologlottis /
Mizuchidori

- terrestrial-
Platanthera mandarinorum / Hashinagayamasagisou
- terrestrial-
Platanthera mandarinorum var. brachycentron  / Yamasagisou
- terrestrial-
Platanthera mandarinorum var. neglecta / Maisagisou
- terrestrial-
Platanthera nipponica / Kobanotonbosou
- terrestrial-
Pogonia japonica / Tokisou
- terrestrial-
Pogonia minor / Yamatokisou
- terrestrial-
Sarcochilus japonicus / Kayaran
- epiphitic-
Sedirea japonicum / Nagoran
- epiphitic-
Spiranthes sinensis var. amoena /Nejibana
- terrestrial-@
Taeniophyllum glandulosum / Kumoran
- epiphitic-
Tipularia japonica / Hitotsubokuro
- terrestrial-@
Tulotis ussuriensis / Tonbosou- terrestrial-@
Lecanorchis kiusiana / Usukimuyouran
- terrestrial-@
Platanthera minor / Oobanotonbosou
- terrestrial-
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Bulbophyllum drymoglossum / Mamedutaran
- epiphitic-
Epipogium roseum / Tashiroran
- terrestrial -
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